In medical and health sciences diploma Malaysia, anatomy is important.

Thanking The Revolutionary Anatomy Book

Human anatomy is a common knowledge. We know where and what our organs and cells do to keep ourselves in full, healthy operation. As kids, you most likely learn about anatomy in either class or books, maybe even kid-friendly encyclopedias as a starting point. Beyond school biology, you will start to gain a deeper knowledge in anatomy if you are a student taking a medical and health sciences diploma Malaysia

To whom or what do we thank for the correct knowledge of our own body, systems and organs?

In medical and health sciences diploma Malaysia, history is made in anatomy.

Meet anatomist and physician Andreas Vesalius and his magnum opus, De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septim (On The Structure Of The Human Body).

Before Andreas, anatomical knowledge was largely based on early anatomical works, one big example being Greek physician Galen’s anatomical works, which were based on dissected animals such as pigs and monkeys. Although he accurately described the organs, they were often misattributed to humans’ too. Furthermore, in contrast to popular belief, human dissection wasn’t prohibited, but rather deemed unnecessary when the knowledge could simply be gained from said works. Though the Church didn’t officially ban the practice, the dissection of cadavers was frowned upon by social authorities until the 12th and 13th century, when the anatomical lectures started but without verifications through actual, hands on dissections.

There were also highly detailed human anatomical drawings of Leonardo da Vinci, but it wasn’t published until years after death, thus the knowledge of the time remained unchanged until De Humani was published in 1543.

Before medical and health sciences diploma Malaysia, Andreas accurately described anatomy.

Andreas took the initiative to actually teach anatomy through the hands-on human dissections, believing that it was the only reliable source to learn about the human body and their organs. He also discovered many of Galen’s errors that contradicted his own observations and pointed them out in De Humani, though he retained the respect for his works by explaining that the Greek physician wasn’t wrong, but his descriptions were not for humans. 

In medical and health sciences diploma malaysia, De Humani made a hit.

When De Humani was published, it became an instant hit. Although it wasn’t the first “accurate” anatomical book of the time, its high production quality and detailed, fantastical drawings of the human body were among the factors of its popularity. Consisting of seven “books” or chapters, De Humani describes the skeleton, muscle structure, blood vessels, nerves and organs of the body and is accompanied with intricate, three dimensional drawings of both full human figures and the relevant parts in different passages. The figures were often drawn in full page poses, showing off different layers of the body. Sometimes they were dissected to display the placement of their organs and other structures.

In medical and health sciences diploma Malaysia, De Humani is a masterpiece in anatomy history.

De Humani became a major advance in the history of human anatomy and Andreas was considered as the pioneer of modern anatomical knowledge. As a result of its success, he worked as an imperial physician of Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, and served him several years before moving on to Phillip II of Spain while publishing a revised edition of De Humani. Andreas died on the Greek island of Zakynthos after he was shipwrecked there on the way to Padua, Italy from Jerusalem.

Today about 700 copies survived and some were displayed or kept in various places including London, Boston, New York, Cambridge (England), Paris, Oxford and Rome.

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